Glossary

word classes

verb:
Part of speech with which an action (for example to play, to laugh, to throw), a state (to shine) or something occurring (to rain, to snow) is expressed
noun:
Word that denotes a specific object or person
adjective:
Part of speech that describes the nature, condition, or relationship of a person, or thing
adverb:
Word that has the function of specifying the circumstances of activities, persons, objects, events, properties and relationships, i.e. to describe them more precisely
interjection:
Word that cannot be inflected and is used syntactically unconnected as a sentence-value utterance and expresses a certain sensation, evaluation or will of the speaker
article:
Word that is regularly used in connection with a noun and characterizes it primarily with regard to its definiteness
conjunction:
Word that cannot be inflected, cannot be used to form constituents and is used to connect words or groups of words
numeral:
Part of speech describing the number or quantity (how many) or the rank of a thing
ordinal:
Numeral that indicates the place of an element in a sequence
pronoun:
Word that replaces another word (usually a noun) or a part of a sentence
preposition:
Word that cannot be inflected and requires a supplement (in a certain case)
phrase:
formulaic, multi-word utterance
noun phrase:
Multi-word phrase that is functionally equivalent to a noun
prefix:
Part of a word at the beginning of a word that does not appear as a lexeme/word on its own, but only in combination with another morpheme that forms the root of the word
infix:
Part of a word in the middle of a word that does not appear as a lexeme/word on its own, but only in combination with another morpheme that forms the root of the word
affix:
Part of a word at the end of a word that does not appear as a lexeme/word on its own, but only in combination with another morpheme that forms the root of the word
adjective affix:
Part of a word at the end of an adjective that does not appear as a lexeme/word on its own, but only in combination with another morpheme that forms the root of the word
noun affix:
Part of a word at the end of a noun that does not appear as a lexeme/word on its own, but only in combination with another morpheme that forms the root of the word
particle:
Word that cannot be inflected, cannot be used to form constituents and influences the meaning of the referred word or phrase
stem:
Morpheme, which is used to form derived words, but does not form a separate grammatical word